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Wangjian Tomb

Location:the northwest centre of Chengdu City;
Opening time:08:00 to 16:50 , daily;
Tel:86-10-6351-8284;
Best time for visit: all year long
Recommended time for a visit:2 hours
Open:08:00 to 16:50 , daily. Tickets:RMB30.
Website:www.wangjian-tomb.com

How to Get There

1) Take buses NO. 25, 46, 42, 48, 54.

Introduction

Tomb of Wangjian, also known as Yong Mausoleum, historically named Yongling Mausoleum, is situated in East Fuqin Road, Chengdu. It mainly consists of the coffin chamber and the exhibition hall. The teahouse here is also famous all over the city. You can enjoy the well-known performance of royal music of the former Shu here. Wangjian (847 - 918) used to be a general of the Tang dynasty. At the end of the Tang dynasty, in order to avoid the frequent wars, he followed the Emperor Xizong to Sichuan province. After the collapse of the Tang dynasty in 907, Wangjian established the Former Shu kingdom and capitalized Chengdu. Formed by a series of 14 double stone vaults, the 23.4m long coffin chamber consists of front, middle and back rooms. The coffin platform is flanked by open carvings of 12 men of unusual strength and carved with reliefs of 24 musicians and dancers on the east, west and south sides. Of all the cultural relics unearthed in China, the 24 musicians and dancers form the best-preserved royal band of the Tang Dynasty. The stone sculpture of Wangjian, sitting in a relaxed manner but still with a dignified look of an emperor, is kept in the back room.

Histroy

Wangjia was once a general in in later Tang Dynasty (618 - 907). After Tang Dynasty was finished in 907, the whole country went apart and entered the chaotic period of the Five Dynasties and Ten States (907 - 960). He established the Former Shu Kingdom in 907 here. The founding of the former Shu kingdom greatly enchanced the development of the society, speeded up economic and cultural development as well. He died in 918. His son, Wangyan succeeded him. He lost his power in 925 to Houtang Dynasty largely due to his negligence and indulgence.
The Tomb of Wangjian, or built into a museum known as Yongling Museum, is located in the downtown of Chengdu city at Fuqin Dong Road (the road has been renamed as Yongling Road). It is easity accessible for public transportation, buses, taxi and bikes.
THis tomb was unearthed in 1942, and plentiful valuable artifacts were discovered in the tomb though the tomb had been robbed of its treasures over time. It is a shame that at the time of my writing, visitors are not allowed to take pictures inside the chambers of the tomb.
The tomb was composed of three chambers - front, middle and rear with a length of 23.4 meters and width of 6.1-6.4 meters. The three chambers were connected by three wooden doors. His coffin was laid on the middle chamber and his life size statue was set in the rear chamber.

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