The harbour was named after the British Queen Victoria, who was on the throne for 63 years (1837 - 1901), the longest in the history of the Great Britain. During her reign, the Great Britain enjoyed unprecedented cultural and economic prosperity. However, after he had been on the throne for only 3 years, in 1840, Great Britain waged the First Opium War with China. Following the war, the Nanjing Treaty was signed, as a result of which Hong Kong Island became a Concession of Britain. Later in 1860 after the Second Opium War, China was forced to sign the Peking Treaty, and in 1861 Kowloon Peninsula was also ceded to Britain. In April of that year, the bay between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula was named Victoria Harbour. As the natural center of the territory's dense urban region, the harbour has played host to many major public shows, including the annual fireworks staged on the second night of the Lunar New Year, and its promenades are popular gathering places for visitors and residents.
The Treaty of Nanking between China and Britain in 1843 stipulated that Hong Kong was a part of the British Empire. Victoria Harbor gradually became a major port because it was close to Canton and along the major shipping lines between Japan and Singapore.
Reclamation projects have changed the look of the harbor. Now there is a major reclamation and construction project going on in Central next to the ferry piers. Tourist attractions are planned for the new venue beside the IFC Towers.
The harbor is quite beautiful and is worth seeing in a tour of Hong Kong. It is a strategic location and was an important part of the British Empire. Now it plays an important part in China's foreign trade and for Hong Kong's tourism.
Victoria Harbor is a major visitor attraction for millions of people from all over the world who visit Hong Kong each year.
Both sides of Victoria Harbor have interesting tourist attractions. Enjoy the sea breeze and tour the attractions around the harbor including great museums, free public parks, zoos and amusement areas, outstanding architecture, hiking and beautiful scenery.
Most of the favorite tourist sites are around the harbor in the Kowloon area, Hong Kong Island and Lantau. Tsim Sha Tsui has four good museums and the Hong Kong Cultural Center and can be toured in a day's tour with a guide map.
Maps and tourist information are available for free at the Star Ferry Hong Kong Tourism Board's office at the Star Ferry in TST. Without a map, the area is confusing to walk around in.
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