In Kunming, picturesque natural scenery enhances delicious local foods. Kunming dishes are representative of Dian (Yunnan Province) cuisine, which combines cooking styles of other cities and nationalities outside Kunming in Yunnan Province. With its high humidity and mild temperatures Kunming provides abundant fruits and vegetables all year for local cuisine. Kunming people relish a little spice, but not as much as you might find in Sichuan or Guizhou dishes. This attitude is so right for Kunming dishes, where the local food is based on local products including the wild mushrooms and herbs. The method of cooking is often roasting, pickling and steaming. In addition, there are numerous snack options in high streets and back lanes.
In Kunming, visitors will find a wide array of these delicious dishes, not only in the more established restaurants, but also in street stalls scattered throughout the city, albeit, generally served as more abbreviated versions, i.e., as snack dishes. Some of the most famous Kunming dishes include the following:
Over The Bridge Rice Noodles
Over The Bridge Rice Noodles is a typical local dish in Yunnan that can only be found in certain parts of the province. The dish is prepared in three stages:
The meat pieces, which might be pork, chicken, fish (typically the local specialty, carp) and seafood (typically squid, from the sea), are placed in a large pot, to which is added a sufficient quantity of chicken broth and some heavy oil. The meat pieces might include cooked (eventually leftovers) or raw meats, or a mix of the two, just as one typically mixes as many of the kinds of meat cuts as one has available (this dish is a great way to make use of leftovers, which surely also helps to explain its popularity). After the meat has cooked until tender, vegetables are added and the dish is allowed to simmer a few minutes longer, then rice noodles are added and the dish is allowed to simmer a little longer, or just until the noodles are cooked al dente. Bon appetite!
Steam Pot Chicken
Steam Pot Chicken is a dish made in a unique type of double boiler, but a double boiler with a twist: via an integral (to the top pot) center tube that reaches the approximate height of the top pot (if you visualize the image of the typical ring cake form such as the so-called bundt pan in the US, then you are on the right track), this unique double boiler permits steam to enter the top pot, in which the chicken and/or other meat is placed. The top pot is then covered and the ingredients inside are steam cooked, thus preserving both the flavors as well as the nutrients of this hearty meat dish.
The steam pot double boiler was developed at the court of Emperor Qianlong, the sixth emperor of the Qing (CE 1644-1911) Dynasty, who reigned from 1735-1796, where it was used not only to steam cook chicken, but wild fowl as well, such as duck and pheasant. The steam pot double boiler thankfully somehow slipped past the walls of the Forbidden City and was embraced by the common people. In the hands of the latter, the steam pot double boiler was used to cook all kinds of meats – or combinations thereof – while chicken, which steam cooks easily, became the most popular.
Steam Pot Chicken is made with any number of flavorful spices – ginger being one of the more popular flavors – thus introducing greater variation to the dish, which is one of the most tender and most flavorful dishes throughout China. It takes about 3-4 hours to steam cook chicken in the steam pot double boiler, depending on the quantity used and the size of the pot.
Er Kuai (Rice Cake)
Er Kuai is made of high quality rice that is cooked, then pressed into a special form. When cooled, the resulting "cake" of cooked rice retains the shape of the form into which it has been pressed. But this is only the first step in preparing "rice cake". Thereafter the rice "cake" is either boiled, roasted, or quick-fried in oil. Er Kuai is a very popular native Yunnan dish, where it forms an indispensable part of every feast during the Lunar New Year celebrations. A favorite Er Kuai preparation method is to gently roast the cake over a charcoal fire. Roasted Er Kuai is served with marmalade, jam, or fruit compot. Served in this manner, roasted Er Kuai is as common to the Yunnan breakfast table as is the croissant served with marmalade to the continental European breakfast table
Smoked Smelly Bean Curd
Smoked Smelly Bean Curd (smoked tofu) is one of the most popular evening and late-night snacks throughout Kunming's snack stalls, which are found in every marketplace and in every side street of the city. There are also snack markets spread about the city consisting solely of numerous snack stalls that operate specifically to serve night crowds, from taxi drivers to policemen to tourists to workers – including office workers – returning home late and who opt for a quick meal at the snack market as an alternative to making supper at home. One of the most popular snacks at such eateries is the Smoked Smelly Bean Curd, which isn't nearly as bad as the name suggests (as the name suggests, it is simply tofu that has been smoked over a charcoal fire) – in fact, it is quite tasty!