Luoyang was once one of the most significant places in the country, carrying a wealth of history, glory and intrigue. The city has a very typical weather for central China, characterized by distinct seasons. Autumn is the most comfortable time here, with sunny days and modest temperatures and spring is particularly pleasant when the famous Peonies begin to blossom in April and May.In this Luoyang travel guide,we will give you some information about the city, which can help you make your Luoyang tour easier.
6.10 million (urban population: 1.38 million)
Situated in the west of Henan province, the start point of "the Silk Road",Luoyang was once the cultural heart and for centuries, the capital of ancient China, is now chiefly an industrial and agricultural city.
Continental monsoon climate in the temperate zone, with an annual average temperature of 14.7 C. Rainfall is mainly concentrated on June, July and August, with annual average amount of 45.83 mm.The best season to visit Luoyang is autumn. The winters are cold and the summers hot and humid. Frequent dust storms swirl in March and April, although the climate in late spring can be quite pleasant.
Industrial products of Luoyang include mining equipment, glass, construction machinery, pumps, balibearings, and tractors. The model East Is Red Tractor Plant is famous throughout China for its modern equipment and the comprehensive social services provided for its workers. In operation since 1959, it was the first such factory to be designed in China, boasting its own hospital, club, technical school, 17 day care centers, and five primary schools.
Luoyang's history dates back to the Neolithic era (6000?5000 BC), at which time the area was already densely populated. During China's Bronze Age, it served as the capital of the Shang Dynasty (c. 1523~1066 BC) and later as scat of the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1066?221 BC). Excavations at Luoyang, then known as Luoyi, have revealed traces of palaces, temples, market places, and altars from this period. Historical records speak of the huge imperial college and library, and of the city's illustrious community of writers, historians, astronomers, and scientists.
The city began to decline after 937 when the Jin moved their capital to Kaifeng. Although it temporarily remained a center for literature, the population steadily dwindled and the town all but disappeared. The Song retreat to the lower Yangtse at the end of the 10th century brought to an end Luoyang's place in national politics. From the 13th century until 1949, Luoyang served as the capital of Henan Province. In recent decades its significance has become that of an industrial town serving the region.
The Shengli and Xigong Department Stores on Zhongzhou Road carry a wide selection of daily necessities.
Luoyang Attractive points
Guyang Cave, sculpted between 495 and 575 AD, is regarded as the earliest of the Longmen Grottoes. Based on a natural limestone cave, this cave is the most important cave in the series and represents the highest skill of carving, rock painting, and architecture of the Northern Wei.Using the style which prevailed in Northern Wei, the chief Buddha is sitting in his meditation on an altar with two lions at his feet, and appears delicate and lifelike.Of the "twenty calligraphies" at Long Men, 19 are found in this cave. The contents of the grotto are of great value in the study of sculpture, painting, and architecture of the Northern Wei period.If you are planning a Luoyang tour, it is a must-see.
Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum
The museum is located on Mang Hill (where an ancient city, Mang Village was located) in the northern suburb of the Luoyang city. In China's long history, thirteen dynasties had their capital established in Luoyang. Many imperial burial tombs were built in the city, especially near the Mang Hill. Tombs excavated here proved to be the imperial burial sites of Eastern Han emperors and the emperors of the Western Jin and Northern Wei dynasties. In 1984, the government built a museum at the site which was opened to tourists in 1987.Covering 8.6 hectares, the museum has two parts. The western part houses the exhibition halls in which excavated artifacts and relics are displayed. The eastern part is the tomb site of the Northern Wei emperors.
Founded in AD 496 during the Northern Wei dynasty, the Shaolin Temple was built in honor of an Indian monk called Bodhidharma (known to the Chinese as Da Mo), founder of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism or more popularly known as Chinese Chan (or Zen) Buddhism. This temple is therefore regarded as the birthplace of Chinese Buddhism.The temple, which bore witness to the rise and fall of several dynasties, is also famous for its Martial Arts (Kung Fu). Shaolin Kung Fu is the product of the synthesis of other martial arts principles into a distinctive martial art style. An ancient Shaolin Master once said: "Study Shaolin style in great depth, then study for wisdom and train the body." This quote embodies the physical and mental strength and discipline required in the study of martial arts. In recent years, renewed interest in Kung Fu has led visitors, western & otherwise, to the steps of the temple where schooled martial arts started.
Hope you have a happy China tour to Luoyang.