Take Bus No. 5, 19, 24, 26, 27, 30, 34, 400, 401, 521, 527, 701, 710, 721, 722, or Tourist Bus You 6, or You 8 (610) and get off at Cuihua Lu (Cuihua Road) bus stop.
If you are having a Xian package tour,our Xian travel guide will introduce you to see the Shaanxi History Museum,which is one of the Xian tourist attractions,thus giving you a complete sightseeing in Xian.
As the regional capital and doorway to the Silk Road, Xian was one of the richest, most well-protected cities in all of China. The famous Shaanxi History Museum introduces the visitor to area rich culture, from Emperor Qin Shihuang to the present day in this walled city. The museum is house in a striking Tang Dynasty-style pavilion and features an enormous collection of 113,000 historic and cultural relics. This is where you experience history, with chronological dynasties exhibits that take you through the Han, Wei, Jin, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. It is an ideal place for learning about the origins and development of ancient Chinese history.
Constructed from 1983, this history museum was opened to the public since 1991. Taking a Tang style architectural art, Shaanxi History Museum conveys an idea that "hall in center, storied buildings in corners". It is an elegant building that mixes the traditional and modern technology harmoniously.
And today, besides the ancient Chinese collections are displayed, this museum also provides a platform to exhibit relics from overseas cities including Japan, France, the United States and Germany.
This hall covers 6,000 square meters and displays more than 2, 000 artifacts. The hall can be divided into three parts: the Entrance Hall, the Shanxi Local Historic Exhibition Room and the Main Room. The Shanxi Local Historic Exhibition Room is arranged into seven small parts to separate relics from the Prehistoric Period, the Zhou, Qin, Han, Wei, Jin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, and the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, with a focus on social development from the Stone Age to the decline of China's imperial era in 1840.
Many themed items reflecting Shaanxi's characteristic local culture are displayed in this hall, including the Silk Road Exhibition and the Yaozhou Porcelain Exhibition. Yaozhou (Radiance Prefecture) Porcelain comes from the Yaozhou Kiln. The kiln was once five kilometers long, located in what is now Tongchuan (Copper River), a small prefecture in the middle of Shaanxi. It operated as one of the four main kilns in northern China from the Tang Dynasty (618-907) to the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Excavations of the kiln site have yielded over 5,000 pieces of porcelain.
This hall is mainly used for temporary exhibitions from home and abroad. The most impressive exhibits here are the murals from the Tang Dynasty tombs. The murals are of great value to the exploration of the Tang Dynasty's social life and its grand culture.
The hall is under the east exhibition area of Shaanxi History Museum, covering an area of 3,800 square meters (40,903 square feet). These hundreds of tomb murals are mainly themed with the scenes of playing polo and hunting, the ceremonial scene, the pavilions, the envoys and the maids of honor in the Tang Dynasty (618–907). All of these tomb murals are authentic works (about 0.75 cm thick) which were taken off from the walls of the tombs. Being the important materials of reflecting the society in the Tang Dynasty, they are well preserved under vacuum condition in the Tang Dynasty Tomb Murals Hall now. Visitors can visit the hall since June 20, 2011, and the entrance fee is 300 yuan per person, which could be the highest entrance fee for a visiting spot in Shaanxi, because it is really a great difficulty to preserve the murals.
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