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Xian City Wall

Admission Fee:CNY 40 (will be CNY 54 from July1, 2013)
Opening time:South Gate: 8:00-22:00 (April 1-October 31); 8:00-20:00 (November 1-March 31)
East/North/West Gate, Wenchang Gate, Heping Gate, Shanghde Gate: 8:00-19:00 (May 1-October 31); 8:00-18:00 (Novermber 1-April 30)
Hanguang Gate: 8:30-18:00 (January 1-December 31)
Performance at the South Gate:City Wall Gate Openning Ceremony (South Gate Square): 9:30
Warrior Parade Performance (Barbican): 10:30, 16:30
Acrobatics (Barbican): 11:00, 17:00
Living Sculpture (Barbican): 11:20, 17:20
Courteous Outing of Warriors, Ministers and Generals: 13:30, 15:30, 17:30
Relieving Guard Ceremony: 8:30, 14:30, 17:30
Recommended time for a visit:3.5 hours for a whole circle

How to Get There

1)To the South Gate: Take subway line 2 to Yongningmen Station; bus no.6, 11, 12, 23, 46, 215, 239, 302, 600, 603, 608, 713, 910, K600, K618, or Wulong Special Line and arrive at South Gate Station.
2)To the East Gate: Take bus no.8, 22, 27, 29, 33, 37, 43, 45, 102, 203, 218, 232, 235, 252, 300, 527, 602, 604, 714, or 903 and arrive at East Gate Station.
3)To the North Gate: Take subway line 2 to Anyuanmen Station; bus no.6, 26, 28, 33, 37, 39, 104, 107, 117, 205, 206, 208, 214, 216, 229, 236, 238, 310, 336, 506 or 511 and arrive at North Gate Station.
4)To the West Gate: Take bus no.4, 10, 15, 23, 31, 201, 205, 206, 215, 221, 222, 223, 300, 302, 407, 504, 611, 701 or K630 and arrive at West Gate Station.


If you are having a Xian package tour,our Xian travel guide will introduce you to see the Xian City Wall,which is one of the Xian tourist attractions,thus giving you a complete sightseeing in Xian.
The first landmark visitors will encounter in Xian is the ancient City Wall, which stretches round the old city. It is also one of the most famous attractions in Xian. Today, this wall represents one of the oldest and best preserved Chinese city walls, as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.

The first city wall of Changan was begun in 194 BCE. The existing wall was started during the Ming Dynasty in 1370; it is massive, measuring 13.7 km in circumference, 12 m in height, and 15–18 m in thickness at the base.

The South Gate and North Gate are the two main entrances to the inner city. The city itself is neatly arranged along the city wall. This impressive structure is just a precursor to the remarkable discoveries awaiting visitors to Xian.

When being reconstructed during the period 1374-1378 AD (seventh to eleventh year of Hongwu of the Ming ), the city wall was extended by a quarter to both east and north to make Xian city today's size. The blue brick wall is well preserved. Lofty and magnificent structures with blue and green paintings were constructed on the four city gates.


Xi'an City Wall was erected in the 14th century Ming Dynasty, under the regime of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. When Zhu Yuanzhang captured Huizhou, long before the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, he was admonished by a hermit named Zhu Sheng, who told him to "build high walls, store abundant provisions and take your time in proclaiming yourself emperor." This advice Zhu Yuanzhang heeded. Once the whole country was unified, he sent orders to the local governments to build city walls on a large scale. Zhu assured that "out of all the mountains and rivers in the world, the area of Central Qin is the most strongly fortified and strategically impregnable." The current city wall is an enhancement of the old Tang Dynasty structure, as a result of the emperor's wall building campaign.

The Gates

The gates of the city wall were the only way to go into and out of town. Therefore, these gates were important strategic points, which the feudal rulers racked their brains to try to defend. In Xi'an's case, the north, south, east and west gates, each consist of three towers: the gate tower, which holds the drawbridge, the narrow tower and the main tower. The gate tower stands proud of the wall. It is used to lift and lower the drawbridge. The narrow tower is in the middle. Its inner walls have square windows to shoot arrows from. The main tower is the innermost one, and forms the entrance to the city.

Watch Towers

A watch tower is located on each of the four corners of the wall. The one at the southwestern corner is round, probably after the model of the imperial city wall of the Tang Dynasty, but the other three are square-shaped. On top of the watch towers there is a corner rampart, higher and larger than the ordinary ramparts. This shows the strategic importance of the corners of the city wall in war times.


Make sure you bring something to drink, especially on hot days.
You will have another interesting experience by biking on the City Wall or explore it at night before 20:00. The rental fee is about RMB 40 per 1.5 hours per bicycle.
Some bicycle drivers on the city wall which will charge a higher price than usual. Ask you guide.
It is cheaper to rent a bike at the foot of city wall.

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